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Curriculum Materials

American Indian Reference and Resource Books for Children and Young Adults (2nd edition) by Barbara J. Kuipers (1995) provides a section about how American Indian books can be incorporated into the curriculum, an evaluative checklist for resources, a section on selected American Indian biographies, and an extensive annotated bibliography of over 200 American Indian nonfiction books. Greenswood Publishing Group. ISBN 1563082586. 230 pages. Cost: 35.00. 

Appalachian Literature, Appalachian Culture: Literature-based Cross-curricular Activities for the Primary and Intermediate Classrooms by Judy Sizemore and Ginny Eager (1999).  One hundred classroom activities linked to particular examples of Appalachian literature (contemporary Appalachian writers and books with Appalachian themes) tried and tested by teachers and library media specialists.  Two chapters deal with books about American Indians: Chapter 12 Kentuckians Before Boone by A. Gwynn Henderson and Chapter 13 Itse Selu: Cherokee Harvest Festival by Daniel Pennington.  Published by Forward in the Fifth.  Available from Harmony House Publishers.  ISBN is 9781564690548.  Grades: K-6.  Cost: $14.95

Appalachian Literature, Appalachian Culture: Literature-Based, Cross-Curricular Activities for Middle and High School Classrooms by Judy Sizemore and Ginny Eager (2000). Published by Forward in the Fifth.  Available from Harmony House Publishers.  ISBN is 9780945084808. 247 pages.  Grades: 6-12.  Cost: $14.95 

Archaeology and You by George E. Stuart and Francis P. McManamon (1996).  A brief discussion of archaeology in America, covering basic information about the science of archaeology, archaeological terminology and some of the more spectacular sites.  Touches on archaeology as a career and how the law affects archaeological work.  Contains bibliography of related readings and other materials available.  It is a great introduction to the field of archaeology.  The internet version contains links and lists of other great sources of archaeological information, and suggestions for those who would like to volunteer on projects or who are thinking about a career in archaeology.  View Archaeology and You

Archaeology Mini-Theme Pack from Cobblestone Publishing, Inc.  This theme pack consists of the books:  Indiana Jones, Disaster Archaeology, Kids in Archaeology, Early People of the World, Life as a Neandertal: Life as a Caveman 

Dig That Site: Exploring Archaeology, History, and Civilization on the Internet by Gary M. Garfield and Suzanne McDonough (1997). For the teacher who really wants to delve into archaeology on the Internet and is looking for sites focused on kids.  Published by Libraries Unlimited, Inc. Englewood, CO.

Archaeologists At Work:  A Teacher's Guide To Classroom Archaeology by Joanna T. Moyar (1993).  Alexandria Archaeology Publication #48.  Designed to help teachers integrate the study of archaeology into the school curriculum.  Although focused on the historic archaeological resources of Alexandria, Virginia, it's a good resource because it uses historic artifacts in classroom activities and lessons, outlines the steps how archaeology is conducted using historic site examples, and offers historic archaeology case studies, glossary, and resource lists.  Available from Alexandria Archaeology, 250 p.  Cost: $25.00.

Archaeology Adventure Lessons.  Using artifacts from the Alexandria Archaeology Collection, students learn the step-by-step process of archaeology through hands-on activities.  Lessons focus specifically on historic archaeology materials and historic topics such as the sugar trade, tavern artifacts, and stoneware pottery designs.

Archaeology in the Classroom: A Resource Guide for Teachers and Parents by Margo M. Davis (2001). An extensive resource guide to archaeological curriculum materials, books, films, museum programs, educator training, and archaeological excavations. Indexed by grade level, local state resources, and thematic focus. Also included are supplemental bibliographies and resource lists of related archaeology organizations. Available from David Brown Book Company 

Artifact and Analysis: A Teachers Guide to Interpreting Objects and Writing History by Smithsonian Institution. A great way to introduce students to artifacts, artifact analysis and working with primary sources.  It provides digital packets of artifacts and corresponding writing assignments to allow students to expand on their critical thinking and analysis skills.  The curriculum is designed to complement the AP US History, but is appropriate at any high school level (and could be modified for middle school use). 

Building A Society: Kentucky Life from Settlement to Statehood complied by Vicky Middleswarth (1992).  A collection of resources about the Commonwealth's early history.  Content outlines, historical source materials, resource lists, and activity plans for the classroom and museum are included in this compendium.  Contains a chapter on Kentucky prehistory 

Boone County: River Born, Kentucky Bred. A Fourth Grade Heritage Education Unit prepared for the Boone County Historic Preservation Review Board by Jan Garbett (2001) The eleven lessons cover such topics as geology, paleontology, native peoples, settlers, farming, and slavery, all with the Ohio River as the thread that binds the lessons together. Each lesson includes an introduction, KERA standards, descriptions of activities, assessments, and links to other web resources. Contents include: lesson binder, lesson kit, and a bibliography. The unit is available in either a digitally format or a print version.  Materials available through the Boone County website:  Lesson kits can be checked out by contacting Matthew Becher, Boone County Planning Commission 859-334-2111 or  Grade:4-7. Cost: Free.

Cemetery Studies: An "Integrated" Resource Found in the Outdoors by Audrey E. Wilson (n.d.).  Detailed outline of concepts, topics, and interdisciplinary questions answerable through the study of gravestones.  Several example activities to use in a cemetery.  Available from Network Coordinator.  33 p.  Cost: Free. *NOTE: Taking rubbings of tombstones is no longer considered an appropriate activity since it leads to the deterioration of the stones.

Cobblestone and Cricket Publishing – A wide range of great archaeology books for students at the elementary school and middle school level.

Collecting Their Thoughts: Using Museums as Resources for Student Writing (1995).  Presents five comprehensive lessons and numerous suggestions for practical ways teachers can use museum artwork, artifacts, and collections as a basis for student writing.  These lessons can be conducted at a museum or in the classroom.  The lesson entitled "Conversing With an Object"  is particularly germane to developing an understanding of material culture.  Available from Smithsonian Center for Education and Museum Studies. Arts and Industries Building, MRC 402. P.O. Box 37012 Washington, D.C., 20013-7012 Phone 202/357-2425 E-mail 64 p. Grade: 7-12. Cost: $5.00. 

Columbian Kentucky by Vicky Middleswarth (1994).  A two-week lesson plan developed, in part, from actual archaeological research at prehistoric sites in Kentucky.  To be used as a companion activity program with Kentuckians Before Boone (by A. Gwynn Henderson (1992).  Follows one Indian family's life during late summer and early fall of 1585 in central Kentucky.  Based on archaeological, ethnohistoric, and historic information about central and eastern Kentucky's village farming peoples known as the Fort Ancient people Subjects covered include native games, foods, clothing, burial practices, and houses.  Includes resource lists.  Available from A. Gwynn Henderson KAS Education Coordinator.  50 p.  Grade: elementary-middle school.  Cost: $5.00. Availiable at Kentucky Press

Doing Historical Archaeology: Exercises Using Documentary, Oral, and Material Evidence, and accompanying Instructor's Guide, by Russell J. Barber (1994). This book contains 21 diverse and challenging classroom-tested exercises that present a great cross-section of what historic archaeologists do – including evaluating documents (letters, maps), collecting oral histories, classifying artifacts, identifying and mapping gravestones, and interpreting drinking patterns.  Using fictionalized data sets (e.g. Texas maps, Navajo jewelry, Revolutionary War era documents) student will be able to hone their critical thinking an analysis skills.  Each lesson consists of an overview, background information, the assignment, and a bibliography relevant to the lesson. Appendices on doing research, data sampling, and writing reports, among other things. Teachers will find the 115-page Instructors Guide particularly useful, as it outlines the objectives, time required and answers for each exercise; describes the real data used to structure the lesson; discusses critical points for students' success; and provides suggestions on grading. It's a great resource for bringing historical archaeology to your classroom! Available from Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey 07632. ISBN (lessons) 0-13-176033-5 (instructor's guide) D-13-176091-2. 248 p. Grade: high school. Cost: $35.00.  Availiable Online  

Education Forum: A Resource Guide assembled by K.C. Smith for the Society for American Archaeology's Education Resource Forum.  Lists (does not annotate but does indicate grade level and addresses) books, newsletters and magazines, resource guides, teaching manuals, games and computer simulations, and videotapes for prehistoric and historic archaeology.  Available from A. Gwynn Henderson KAS Education Coordinator.  14 p.  Cost: Free. 

Education World  has established a cross-discipline curriculum designed to ‘blast Native American stereotypes’.  It provides hand outs, maps, lesson plans, and links to resources regarding Native American lifestyles, both past and present.

Everything We Know About Archaeology For You To Use In Your Classroom by the National Park Service (1990). Identifies some of the educational materials about archaeology and archaeological methods and techniques that are available for classroom use. Includes three classroom activities, explanation and example entries from the L.E.A.P. Clearinghouse (Listing of Education in Archaeology Programs), and a list of archaeology curricula, background materials, and newsletters. Both prehistoric and historic archaeology entries are listed.

Exploring History in Your Own Backyard: The Ashland Estate. An Historical Archaeology Resource Guide Designed for Elementary and Middle School Teachers (Grades 4-8) by Cecilia Mañosa (2002). These five lessons, including teacher content pages and resource list, was developed for teachers to use before, during, and after a visit to Ashland, the Henry Clay Estate.  The great news is that these lessons work well even without a visit to Ashland.  Students learn about the importance of the past and the results of research at the Ashland, including a look at the privy (sewage pit that will engage students with a great ‘ick factor’); explore on site preservation and evaluate the effectiveness of archaeological preservation posters. Available from KAS Education Coordinator A. Gwynn Henderson - Kentucky Archaeological Survey, 1020A Export St., Lexington, KY 40506-9854. 47 p. Grade: 4-8. Cost: Free.

Guidelines for Evaluation of Archaeology Education Materials by SAA Public Education Committee (1995). Very good resource--a must!  Good discussion of the purpose and benefits of archaeology; discusses major misconceptions about archaeology and archaeologists; and outlines concepts essential to understanding archaeology.  Provides a three-part guidelines section for evaluating existing archaeological education materials and in developing new ones (i.e., minimal information, archaeological method and theory, and educational/curricular elements).  Available from A. Gwynn Henderson KAS Education Coordinator.  10 p.  Cost: Free. 

Historical Archaeology As A Tool For Researching And Interpreting Historic Sites by LuAnn De Cunzo (1990).  American Association for State and Local History, Technical Leaflet 173.  Brief introduction to historical archaeology and its important research questions.  Available as a digital download and hardcopy from the AASLH website.  Grade: high school
Digital Download $5  or as a Hard Cover Publication for $6 

Intrigue of the Past: A Teachers Activity Guide for Fourth Through Seventh Grades by Shelley J. Smith, Jeanne M. Moe, Kelly A. Letts, and Danielle M. Patterson (1993).  This is the teachers' guide for Project Archaeology.  A must!  Excellent resource book that may be used in its entirety or as supplemental material.  Consists of 28 classroom-tested lessons supporting social studies, science, art, language arts, and math curricula using archaeology as the focus.  The Guide is divided into three parts (Fundamental Concepts, the Process of Archaeology, and Issues in Archaeology) and includes appendices and vocabulary.  Developed by the Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Department of the Interior. 

The Intriguing Past: Fundamentals of Archaeology.  A Teachers Guide for Fourth through Seventh Grades by Shelley Smith, Jeanne Moe, Kelly Letts, and Danielle Paterson (1993). These eight classroom-tested lessons on the fundamental concepts of archaeology are taken from Intrigue of the Past Part One: Fundamental Concepts, the Teacher's Guide for Project Archaeology.

Investigating Artifacts: Making Masks, Creating Myths, Exploring Middens, a Teacher Guide from GEMS by Katharine Barrett, Lincoln Bergman, Gigi Dornfest, Linda Lipner, and Carol Willard (1994). This book of lessons and activities is part of the GEM Program (Great Explorations in Math and Science) that uses a thematic approach to teaching and constructing curriculum. Each Guided Discovery Unit is classroom tested integrates science and the humanities.  It provides a great introduction of the essential elements of anthropology and archaeology, with specific and fun activities that touch on topics like excavation, map making and curating artifacts.  Cost $20.00

Kentucky Archaeology Video Series Companion Guides by Judy Sizemore (2000-2002). The eight classroom-tested lessons in "Ancient Fires at Cliff Palace Pond: A Companion Guide for Middle and High School Teachers" provides activities that will enhance students' understanding of the complex issues presented in the video. Although the major emphasis is on science and social studies, the activities encompass math, technology, language arts, and arts and humanities. The eight cross-curricular activities in "The Adena People: Moundbuilders of Kentucky: A Companion Guide for Intermediate and Middle School Social Studies Teachers" will help teachers build on the video to explore concepts of culture, geography, and historical perspective. Although the major emphasis is on social studies, the activities encompass math, technology, language arts, and arts and humanities 

Kentucky Project Archaeology is a national heritage education program that teaches students to appreciate and protect the nation's rich cultural heritage.  It supports the K-12 curriculum with hands-on activities based on local prehistory. It models real-world situations and can be used in a variety of ways, including interdisciplinary studies. Teachers receive high-quality educational materials, including the activity guide Intrigue of the Past, and continuing professional development.  Under the leadership of trained educators and professional archaeologists, teachers will explore the science of archaeology and its classroom applications. Workshops are between 1.5 and 2.5 days in length and cost between $55 and $65, depending on workshop length and meal arrangements made by the host institutions. Workshop organizers will work with teachers to secure professional development credit through their school districts. For more information and to find out about when and where the next workshop will be held, contact Gwynn Henderson, the state's Project Archaeology coordinator, at (859) 257-1919 or (  Or visit the Kentucky Project Archaeology Website 

A Layperson's Guide to Historical Archaeology in Maryland by the Archaeological Society of Maryland  Designed with avocational archaeologists and youth groups (Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts) in mind, it is a comprehensive introduction to the "how" and "why" of historical archaeology. It covers everything from developing a research design to report writing; including finding potential sites, proper survey and excavation techniques, and using the latest equipment. Although the book focuses on projects conducted in Maryland, its historical archeology methods and techniques are applicable to any region.  p. 80 p. Grade: 6-college. Cost: $7.95 plus $2.00 shipping and handling. 

The Library of Congress Learning Page provides a curriculum that teaches students how to use primary sources is historic and archaeological research.  It connects lesson plans with archival materials in the Library of Congress.  All available online in a digital format.  The curriculum has components designed for the elementary, middle, and high school levels. 

Native Americans: Who Are They Today; A Discipline-Based Unit in Social Studies for Grades 4-5 by Tressa Brown, Karen Cheser, Kathy Dickison, Paula Whitmer, and Robin Chandler for the Kentucky Native American Heritage Commission and the Kentucky Department of Education (2002). This program is designed to help educators teach about Kentucky’s Native Americans in a manner that is accurate, culturally sensitive, and avoids the pitfalls of stereotyping.  It can be used in conjunction with the Commission's resource packet ‘Teaching About American Indians: Stereotypes and Contributions.'

Native Peoples, Continuing Lifeways Teacher Resource Packet edited by Stephanie Darst and David Pollack (1994).  This resource was prepared as part of the 1993 and 1994 Kentucky State Fair and Exposition Center's Native American Cultural Project.  It contains an array of materials about Kentucky prehistory and American Indians.  It includes a Teachers' Guide to Railey's Kentucky Before Boone poster; a discussion of four widespread misconceptions about Kentucky's American Indians; an outline of the similarities and differences between the late prehistoric Mississippian peoples in western Kentucky and the Fort Ancient peoples in central Kentucky; a discussion of American Indian oral traditions; and sections about native basketry traditions, music, language, and plant foods.  Each packet also contains classroom applications, lists of available resource materials; places to visit; and teaching/assessment strategies prepared by teachers keyed to particular outcomes specified by the Kentucky Education Reform Act (KERA).  Copies of the packet were mailed to all Kentucky public elementary and middle school libraries and to regional resource centers.  Contact the A. Gwynn Henderson KAS Education Coordinator if your school does not have this resource. 156 p.  Grade: K-12.  Cost: $5.00.  

The Native Peoples of Eastern Kentucky: An Integrated Thematic Unit Based on Local Prehistory by Judy Sizemore and A. Gwynn Henderson (1998). Divided into eight different sections that touch on archaeology, local and state-wide prehistory, prehistoric technology, site stewardship and unlearning American Indian stereotypes. The 14 classroom-tested lessons, activity suggestions, and accompanying content materials in this unit integrate social studies, language arts, science, math, and arts & humanities subjects. Lessons include pottery-making, artifact analysis, and fiction writing based on research into local prehistory. In addition to the printed guide, the unit includes pictures (either as slides [n=21] or as slide images on a videotape) of people demonstrating prehistoric technology such as stone tool making, pottery making, and cooking; and of archaeologists at work in a rockshelter in Eastern Kentucky, showing field techniques (digging, troweling, screening, taking notes). Available from the A. Gwynn Henderson KAS Education Coordinator.

Oyate Catalog.  Oyate, an American Indian organization whose goal is to ensure that native people's lives and histories are portrayed accurately, produces an annual catalog of books, audio cassettes, videos, and CDs by American Indians about American Indians.  Books are divided by grade levels (preschool & up; Grade 4 & up; Grade 7 & up; high school), and a section of guides and curriculum materials for teachers is included.  Contact them for information or for a free catalogue at Oyate, 2702 Mathews Street, Berkeley, CA, 94702. Phone 510/848-6700; fax 510/848-4815.   

Project Archaeology: Saving Traditions (P.A.S.T) by Nan McNutt (1988).  An interdisciplinary middle school curriculum that challenges students to apply science, social studies, mathematics, and language arts skills to real-life archaeological study.  Three independent but interrelated units: The Artifact, The Site, and The Culture.  Available while supplies last from Sopris West, Inc., 1120 Delaware Ave., Longmont, CO, 80506.  Grade: 6-8.  Cost: Teacher's Guide-$14.50; Three Student Notebooks--$1.25 each; Supplementary Materials (film and tape, game, and other activities)--$85.00.

School Collection: Native American Children’s and Young Adult’s Literature.  This site has a great list of internet and print material resources aimed at helping educators teach about Native American cultures.   This database is created and hosted by the University of Illinois, Urbana/Champaign and their Education and Social Science Library

Silent Witness: Protecting American Indian Archaeological Heritage by Kathryn Sherlock.  Parks As Classrooms/National Park Foundation (1994).  Teaching Guidebook and accompanying video designed to raise awareness of the value and endangered status of archaeological resources.  Contains handouts and activities.  Also has a resource directory, a bibliography of educational materials, and copies of U.S. archaeological resources preservation laws.  Video has a heavy Southwestern focus, but activities can be used in a Kentucky Unit.

Society of American Archeology.  The SAA has a great series of educator resources available online.  This including lesson plans and booklets on teaching and understandin various types of archaeology, including:  pre-historic archaeology; historic archaeology, and underwater archaeology.  All of these lesson plans are available in PDF form at the SAA website:

Kentucky unit.  Now out of print.  Formerly available from Division of Interpretation and Visitor Services, National Park Service, Southwest Region, Box 728, Santa Fe, NM, 87505-0728.  For a set to borrow, contact the A. Gwynn Henderson KAS Education Coordinator, or Mammoth Cave National Park.  Grade: middle and high school.  Cost: Free. 

Smithsonian Resource Guide for Educators. An interactive web based catalogue of the Smithsonian’s many great educational publications.  It can be accessed online at Smithsonian for Educators or Smithsonian Anthropology.

Strategies in Teaching Anthropology edited by Patricia C. Rice and David McCurdy (2008). This book focuses on  teaching all of anthropology’s subfields, including archaeology.  Although presented in four sections (general anthropology, archaeology and biological anthropology, language and culture, and cultural anthropology), cultural anthropology is by far the largest and most extensive section with special attention in cultural sensitivity and debunking cultural stereotypes. ISBN 0-13-034070-7. 170 p. Grade: high school. Cost: $39.80  Availiable online 

Teaching About American Indians: Stereotypes and Contributions. A Resource Packet for Kentucky Teachers by Tressa Townes Brown (1999).  Developed for use by secondary school librarians, resource specialists, and teachers.  Divided into three parts.  The first provides information about stereotyping and offers ideas for activities; the second presents information about American Indians' contributions to American culture, as a group and individually; and the third part is a resource guide that lists books, curriculum materials, videos, and addresses of organizations and sites on the World Wide Web.  Can be used in conjunction with Native Americans: Who Are They Today. These resources are especially useful for Kentucky educators, since information related to Kentucky's native peoples, mainly the Cherokee, Shawnee, and Chickasaw, is privileged.  Available as a PDF.

Teaching About Native Americans by Karen D. Harvey, Lisa D. Harjo, and Jane K. Jackson (1990). Lesson plans in this resource cover the following topics: environment and resources; culture and diversity; change and adaptation; conflict and discrimination; and current issues for Native Americans. The last section, Resources for Teachers and Students, includes criteria for the evaluation of educational materials and an "Indian Awareness" Inventory of 40 true or false questions. National Council for the Social Studies as Bulletin No. 84. Washington, D.C. 

Teaching Strategies in Archaeology complied by the Public Education and Information Committee of the Society for Historical Archaeology (n.d.).  A compilation of 14 activities using historic artifacts and historic archaeological sites to introduce concepts used in archaeology (like stratigraphy, inference); perception of artifacts and their meaning; archaeological method (how to find sites and record them, excavation, how to conduct historic research); and how history and archaeology can be combined to learn about the past.  Available from A. Gwynn Henderson KAS Education Coordinator.  37 p. 

Third Grade American History Lessons on Native Americans – Four lesson plans that help introduce elementary students to the cultures of Native Americans.  Activities include:  Migration over the land bridge; The Inuit and Anasazi;  Southwest Peoples; and Woodland Peoples. Also contains instructions for hands-on projects and a bibliography on related books. 

Student teacher Jaime Siegele's 2002 Thematic Archaeology Unit for Fifth Grade (developed for Jennie Schlarb's fifth grade Archaeology Unit at Squires Elementary School in Lexington) These comprehensive lessons include full lesson plans, curriculum ideas, and end of unit assessments. The archaeology lessons draw heavily from Project Archaeology, but incorporate related language arts lessons from diverse sources. The unit culminates with ‘12 Archaeology Centers’, a creative and dynamic way for students to apply their knowledge across the breadth and depth of topics, issues, and facts. Grade: 4-6. Cost: Free. Contact  A. Gwynn Henderson KAS Education obtain copies.  

This Land is Our Land: 2002 - A Land Odyssey Teacher Packet compiled by Stephanie Darst (2002). Prepared for school group visits to this Kentucky State Fair exhibit, this packet contains content of interest for anthropology educators and students (including lesson plans that focused on Prehistoric Kentucky Cave Art and brief interviews with Kentucky archaeologists).  Available from A. Gwynn Henderson KAS Education Coordinator. 22 p. Grade: 4-5. Cost: Free.

Through Indian Eyes: The Native Experience in Books for Children edited by Beverly Slapin and Doris Seale (1998). A collection of poetry, personal recollections, bibliographies and critical reviews of more than 100 children's books by and about Indians, including a guide to evaluating children's books for Native American stereotypes. 

Uncovering Kentucky's Past part of the Historical Society's Museums To Go program, is a great exhibit that presents the 12,000-year history of Kentucky as revealed by archaeological research. Four freestanding double-sided panels describe illustrate the lifeways of Kentucky's diverse cultures, both prehistoric and historic. For availability and cost, contact the Kentucky Historical Society, 100 W. Broadway, Frankfort, KY, 40601. Phone 502/564-1792 or 1-877-4HISTORY

Unlearning "Indian" Stereotypes: A Teaching Unit for Elementary Teachers and Children's Librarians (1977). Includes a study of stereotyping in popular children's books, classroom activities that focus on combating stereotyping, and ten things not to teach about native peoples.  Published by the Council on Interracial Books for Children, Inc.  Contact A. Gwynn Henderson KAS Education Coordinator. 48 p.  Grade: K-5. 

Woodland Peoples: An Educational Unit by the Minnetrista Cultural Council (1993).  A good overview of the prehistory and history of the native peoples of the Ohio Valley and Great Lakes.  Also includes activities.  Published by the Minnetrista Cultural Council, Muncie, IN.  Contact Network Coordinator  32 p.  Grade: middle school.  Availiable Online

The National Endowment for the Humanities has a collection of good archaeology lesson plans and hands-on in class activities.  The content provides a wide array of topics in archaeology from the lessons on cave painting, Greek antiquities, Aztec settlements, and Jamestown’s changing population demographics.  These lessons are searchable by grade levels and range from K through 12.  In addition to lessons on archaeology, you can tab use the pull down tab at the top of the page to view their anthropology lesson plans.  There is also a database with link to other helpful archeology resources. 


Last Updated 2/20/2010